Almost 95 people attended all the workshops in which 65 were women and 30 were men. Gopal Shukla The conventional view of deforestation is that rural people overexploits forests for local consumptive use and also the timber and woods traders using all possible ways to smuggle woods. Loss of biodiversity. It is required for Pakistan to look after the managerial skills of forestry department and prevent them for colluding with ‘Forest Mafias’. We need to protect forests now more than ever. Interviews with different people of local community show how forest management is difficult for locals. This will result in an increase in poverty because people won’t be able to support their families. CIFOR research has made valuable contributions to understanding the drivers of deforestation. This resource relates to the AQA specification for GCSE (UK) exams from 2018 onwards. Tap card to see definition . 1st Jan 1970 Environmental Sciences Reference this Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Pakistan is blessed by many things; forests are one of them, which cover 4.224 million Hectare (ha) which is 4.8% of the total land area (Wildlife of Pakistan). The reduction in area of this valuable environmental, social and economic resource through deforestation has potential to cause problems both on a global as well as a local scale. 3) Native tribes. The valley ascends from the southern side of the Indus river with the altitude of 2060 approximately above the level of the sea towards Banak La mountain at 5500m. The other perspective on net benefits takes into account the cost of externalities to calculate social or public benefits and costs. However, despite the proliferation of forest certification over the past two decades, few … The last data was taken out in 2007 which was last available data. What about in the future? Locals of Swat valley depend on the forests for daily life use and are also a main source of income for them. In these two districts there were two types of villages, project villages and non project villages. Global warming is assessed to be increasing rapidly due to high rate of greenhouse gasses emission. For the qualitative analysis 200 households were selected for information from six additional villages from high zone. Research that puts relevant information in the hands of governments, international agencies, NGOs, communities and companies. Historically, the research took out the history of 16th century, where forests were protected by the institution and departments assigned for forests by the Walis (Kings) of Swat Valley. Social issues Oil palm is a valuable economic crop and provides a source of employment. There are several consequences of deforestation: 1. In the Barikot region, forest cover area decreased to 9.5% in 2007, whereas the built up areas increased by 161.4%, and agricultural land expanded by 129.9% consuming 18.96% of forest area in 2007. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. In terms of social impacts, the question is theoretical since soy has scarcely arrived in this zone yet. In Kalam, forest area is decreased by 30.5%; with 11.4% of the deforestation caused by agricultural expansion. In effect, we estimate a net reduction in deforestation through this procedure. CIFOR’s headquarters are in Bogor, Indonesia, with offices in Nairobi, Kenya; Yaounde, Cameroon; Lima, Peru and Bonn, Germany. Many think of habitat as just a shelter but it also deals with food, water and a place to nurse their offspring. The forest department is very much involved in deforestation as they support all the illegal commercial harvesting on a large scale. 400 households were selected in both districts. Environmental Consequences On a local scale, the Amazon Rain Forest is host to a diverse ecosystem. Jaguars, sloths, bonobos, and orangutans are just some of the better-known animals threatened by deforestation. Created: Sep 12, 2017 | Updated: Jun 5, 2019. During this period of time he meet with the officers of forest department, he also get interacted with the forest contractors and few people of the valley which includes men and women. Learn about historical and modern deforestation and its effects. “Biomass fuel burning and its implications: Deforestation and greenhouse gases emissions in Pakistan”, Keywords: Deforestation Biomass burning Brick kilns Green house gas emission. Whereas 54% of energy requirement is met from conventional means and the remaining 46% from natural resources like wood and coal. Over 80 percent of the population in KPK is below the poverty level, which consumes available natural resources for their survival, which results to deforestation. As Pakistan imports coal from foreign countries, therefore, it is expensive for brick maker to use coal, so they prefer to use wood which is comparatively cheaper, which results to deforestation. This is no ordinary fire. Information of household was collected by 403 households. The results do not provide direct support for the EKC notion. It is a main reason of Global Warming. Tropical rainforest deforestation is a major problem in many tropical regions and can have major impacts on system ecology and long term soil productivity. Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies. Effects of deforestation, Social, economic and environmental implications of deforestation (no rating) 0 customer reviews. This study is about the difference between Pakistani and international statistics. Environmental And Social Impacts Of Deforestation Environmental Sciences Essay. A sub-project, Social Dimensions of Deforestation in Francophone West and Central Africa, focused on the broad objectives of assessing the changes in levels of living, employment and incomes of different social groups most affected by deforestation processes. Inclusive of the loss of forests such as scenic or recreational sites, deforestation has caused a number of damaging side effects. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! 200 were from each district in which 100 from project villages and 100 from non project villages. According to Pakistani officials the forest are increasing due to deforestation and environmental awareness. The study has found out the consumption of wood by brick builder due to deforestation is estimated to be 1378,000 m3. which results to deforestation in the locality. The Earth loses 18.7 million acres of forests per year, which is equal to 27 soccer fields every minute, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Nigel Sizer, Director of the Global Forest Initiative at the World Resource Institute, sits down with Phillip Yin to discuss the environmental cost of deforestation. The role of forests is climate mitigation and other environmental services makes them crucial for the survival of humans on this planet. In a contrast with Pakistani officials, international researches and statistics shows a rapid rate of increasing in deforestation have is 1.68% annually. However, these private benefits and costs do not include adverse environmental effects, termed “environmental externalities,” that result from deforestation (e.g., see Table 5.2). Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. The contractors then sell out the woods in Skardu market to earn or they build their own shops and houses. Many birds, insects, reptiles and animals rely upon trees for food or shelter. Where in Equation (1), Ct, Mt and Mf represent total biomass burnt(tdm),fraction of biomass oxidized(0.9)and woody biomass carbon content(0.5tC/tdm) respectively.TheemissionofCO2 from fuel wood burning can be estimated by conversion of total carbon content(tC) to Carbon dioxide content (tCO2) using the conversion ratio of 44 t CO2/12 t C, “Spatial and temporal dynamics of land use pattern in District Swat, Hindu Kush. These may include macro-economic shifts, military conflicts, technological changes in agriculture, decentralization, road construction, and various other things … Research that helps level the playing field between North and South. It impacts a country’s economy, the life of community, environment and extinction of species. It is shown in the paper that the cash needs of local communities is not dependent on natural resources like forests but rather non-cash needs are dependent on forest like use of wood in day to day needs such as cooking, constructions etc. This is called the enhanced greenhouse effect and causes climate change. Our headquarters are in Bogor, Indonesia, with offices in Nairobi, Kenya; Yaounde, Cameroon; and Lima, Peru. 4) Conflict. The article indicates the impact of biomass fuel burning due to deforestation and greenhouse gasses emission. The consequences of deforestation are both environmental and social, and both local and global. Instead, FAO and CIFOR say that deforestation does have a role in small floods and topsoil erosion by eliminating the buffering and soil-anchoring effects of forests. Your response should be four (4) pages in length; focus on the topic of deforestation. 1) Improved quality of life. The default value of 0.9 is used for the fraction of biomass oxidized. Animals are dying. Bogor Barat, Bogor 16115, Jawa Barat, Indonesia Telephone: 62-251-8622-622 Fax: 62-251-8622-100, Lima, Peru Nairobi, Kenya Yaounde, Cameroon Bonn, Germany, 2020 Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) | CIFOR is a CGIAR Research Center, CIFOR privacy policy      Terms of use, Transforming REDD+ and Payment for Forest Environmental Services in Vietnam, Global mega-trends impact forest communities, scientists find, Signing of agreement for restoring Asian drylands: Landscape Partnership for Asia, Understanding how social, economic and political changes affect tropical deforestation. Rates of deforestation decline continuously as income increases from a low of some $500 per person per year (purchasing power parity basis) to about $6,500, after which countries begin to afforest. However, biophysical effects of deforestation, which include changes in land surface albedo, evapotranspiration, and cloud cover also affect climate. The impact of deforestation on climate is mostly pronounced through net carbon emissions (biogeochemical effects), leading to a global warming. Intensively... Natural disasters. The EU is a large driver of illegal deforestation : in 2012, the EU imported €6 billion of soy, beef, leather and palm oil which came from land illegally cleared of tropical forest. How does deforestation affect us right now? 2.Decreasing Water Resources. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Today, 52% of all the land used for food production is moderately or severely impacted by soil erosion. The purpose of this assignment is to describe and explain the negative impacts Deforestation currently has on our ecosystem. Deforestation in Indonesia for palm oil (and illegal logging) is so rapid that a 2007 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report said that most of the country's forest might be destroyed by 2022. Locals must be employed on the conservation of forest and incentives should be given to them. Any scientific information contained within this essay should not be treated as fact, this content is to be used for educational purposes only and may contain factual inaccuracies or be out of date.
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