[43], A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. [38] On 29 October 1991, the governments of Switzerland, Netherlands and Germany agreed to cooperate in the development of a modernization program for the Leopard 2. The company was founded in 2006 and is part owned by Rheinmetall. "Improving the Leopard Firepower: More Potent Ammunition Prepares the Leopard to Face a Wide Spectrum of Missions". [17] This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972, equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. 120 mm Board Cannon and Ammunition of the Leapoard II Main Battle Tank of the German Armed Foreces The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2s with the more powerful armament. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. The barrel weight is 1,190 kg, and a complete gun system weighs 3,780 kg. Rheinmetall announced to develop a new/upgraded 120 mm and a new 130 mm gun The development of the 130 mm gun is quite a surprise. Fort Knox, KY: U.S. Armor Center. Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). [22], Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). [28] The larger gun was integrated into the M1A1 Abrams, with the first vehicle coming off the production line in 1985[30] The gun, known as the M256, was based on the L/44 tank gun, although manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal and modified to increase the resistance of the barrels to fracture and fatigue. [11] This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. [15] However, the German Army was interested in a tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition. [2] Using a semi-active laser homing guidance method, the LAHAT can be guided by the tank's crew or by teams on the ground, while the missile's trajectory can be selected to either attack from the top (to defeat enemy armor) or direct attack (to engage enemy helicopters). The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missile which has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. By 1990, the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetall to develop a better main armament. [20] Another program aimed to mount the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-gun was also developed in an attempt to save components from the MBT-70, but in 1971 the program was ended for economic reasons. [26] The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. The Rheinmetall L/44 (Or M-256 as the Americans put it), was first developed in 1974 when the Cold War was still at its peak and the Berlin Wall hasn’t came down. In 1985 the new T-72B version entered production, with a new laminate armor protection system; its turret armor, designed primarily to defeat anti-tank missiles, surpassed the T-80B's in protection. [63] Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005,[64] and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. It can also be found on tanks produced by Japan, South Korea, and Turkey. [5] In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. Jane's Armour & Artillery (subscription). "The Secret Testing of Israeli M111 "Hetz" Ammunition: A Model of Failed Commander's Responsibility". [36], The German government began the development of the Leopard 3, although this was canceled after the fall of the Soviet Union. [27] Although the American M1 Abrams was originally armed with the M68A1 105 mm gun (a version of the L7),[28] the United States Army had planned to fit the tank with a larger main gun at a later date,[29] and the tank's turret had been designed to accommodate a larger 120 mm gun. According to IHS Jane’s, Rheinmetall has proposed replacing the rifled L30A1 gun of the British Challenger 2 with the smoothbore L55 120mm gun. The L/55 is 1.3 metres (4.3 ft) longer, giving an increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. "Army Targets Age Old Problems with New Gun Barrel Technologies". Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. The Rheinmetall Rh-120 is a 120 mm smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AG company, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. [19] Another program aimed to mount the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-gun was also developed in an attempt to save components from the MBT-70, but in 1971 the program was ended for economic reasons. [36] The T-72 also went through a modernization program in an attempt to bring it up to the standards of the T-80B. [18] The new 120 mm gun's ten-year development effort, which had begun in 1964, ended in 1974. [6] In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. A further improved M829E4 round with a segmented penetrator to defeat Relikt has been under development since 2011 and was to be fielded as the M829A4 in 2015. There are two very good answers here, let me elaborate a little with my experience on the matter as a tanker when the Germans were first deciding on the change. The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb), and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb), while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer.The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. [18] This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972, equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Rheinmetall 120 mmL55 Barrel for leopard 2A6/A7(Meng/Tamiya) (#G35 … The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 470 millimeters (19 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). [56] In 1998, the United States military introduced the M829A2, which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals. A project started in 1965, as the Bundeswehr felt a more powerful gun was needed for its new tanks. The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. [16], In 1967, the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). (1 January 2004). [66] The LAHAT has been offered as an option for the Leopard 2, and has been marketed by both Israel Military Industries and Rheinmetall to Leopard 2 users. In 2006, a single Challenger 2 was fitted with the L55 for trials under the Challenger Lethality Improvement Programme and although the army was impressed the project proceeded no further as funding was prioritised to meet immediate operational requirements in … It's new 130mm design is shorter than the 120mm L55. [14], In 1963 Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. Related products. For now, Rheinmetall may set a similar worldwide benchmark for the 130mm gun as happened with the 120mm smoothbore gun, which in its short barrel version was also produced under licence in the US for the Abrams MBT. 120 mm L44 Tank Gun As the standard NATO smoothbore gun for main battle tanks Leopard 2 and AbramsM1A1, Rheinmetall’s L44 tank gun proved superior to all rivals in the 120 mm arena. Although the gun is longer, allowing for a higher peak pressure from the propellant, the geometry remains the same, allowing the gun to fire the same ammunition as that fired from the shorter version. It comes in two main variants: L44 and the L55. Stash. [67] Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. The 120-millimeter (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 meters (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missile which has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. Although the gun is longer, allowing for a higher 580 MPa (84,122 psi) peak pressure from the propellant, the geometry remains the same, allowing the gun to fire the same ammunition as that fired from the shorter version. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under … It was tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30 120 mm cannon. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. Compared to the 2700 kg 120 mm gun, the 130 mm has a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) barrel and an all-up weight of 3000 kg including the recoil system. Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. "Tank Assessment Survey Ranks Leopard 2A6 Tops, With the M1A1 the Runner-up". Continuously improving the performance of 120mm tank gun and ammunition technology has long been one of Rheinmetall’s highest priorities. Evaluated by the US Army between 1998 and 2001, this M1A2 featured a 120mm M256E1 gun with a new tube derived from the Rheinmetall L/55 found on the Leopard 2A6. Rheinmetall Soldier Electronics develops the latest version of the ultra-compact laser module series "Vario-Ray LowProfile". L55 120mm smoothbore main gun. [70] World Industries Ace Corporation is also producing the L/55 under license for the K2 Black Panther. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. It was also planned for the vehicle to be equipped with Rheinmetall's experimental 140 mm smoothbore gun, though this had to be abandoned when Rheinmetall ceased development upon the rationale that its current weapon, the 120 mm/L55 would be more than adequate to counter prospective armored threats for the foreseeable future. Krauss-Maffei was chosen as the contractor, and two prototypes were developed in 1969 and 1970. The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2s with the more powerful armament. [52] The new ammunition has been accepted into service with the Dutch and Swiss, as well as German, armies.[53]. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabots was developed by Rheinmetall. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy to penetrate body armor. Login to manage your stash. [12] This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Jane's Ammunition Handbook (subscription), Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, "Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun – Defense Update", German Rheinmetall works on new 130mm tank gun, "Eurosatory 2016: Rheinmetall lifts the lid on new 130 mm tank gun", Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8Sa_q-Lz6g, https://www.armyrecognition.com/defense_news_july_2020_global_security_army_industry/rheinmettall_unveils_new_leopard_tank_mbt_with_130mm_cannon.html, "ATK Specifications: 120mm M829A3 APFSDS-T Ammunition", "Rheinmetall Press Release 17 February 2013", "Army ammunition data sheets artillery ammunition: guns, howitzers, mortars, recoilless rifles, grenade launchers, and artillery fuzes (FSC 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)", Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.military-today.com/tanks/altay.htm, https://www.c4defence.com/Arsiv/almanya-da%C2%A0leopard-tanklarinin-yarisi-calisamaz-durumda/5158/1, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", Lance-grenade individuel Mle F1 (LGI Mle F1), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rheinmetall_Rh-120&oldid=996569895, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Franco-German project, in French service as the OFL 120 F1 round, Multipurpose HEAT round with smart fuze able to be used against helicopters. The 120-millimetre (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 metres (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sa… The new tank carried a three-man crew, with the driver in the turret, an automatic loader for the main gun, a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) autocannon as secondary armament, an active hydropneumatic suspension and spaced armour on the glacis plate and the front turret. This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and chemical energy anti-tank warheads. Center for Technology and National Security Policy. Fort Knox, KY: U.S. Armor Center. Rheinmetall developed its 120mm x 570 HE Temp. When originally mentioned by Autobild.de, I assumed they had made a typo and refered to the original 140 mm NPzK tank gun being developed in the late-1980s and 1990s. The new 130 mm gun has an L/51 chrome-lined smoothbore barrel with a vertical sliding breech mechanism, increased chamber volume, no muzzle brake, a thermal sleeve, and a muzzle reference system (MRS) enabling it to be boresighted on a more regular basis without the crew needing to leave the platform. "New Tanks for the Old, Part II: Tank Top Upgrades". [4], Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. [41] The longer barrel allows ammunition to attain higher velocities; for example, with new kinetic energy penetrators ammunition can reach velocities of around 1,750 m/s (5,700 ft/s). [13], In 1963, Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. [6] The Soviet decision to increase the power of its tank's main armament had come when, in the early 1960s, an Iranian tank commander defected over the Soviet border in a brand-new M60 Patton tank, which was armed with the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) M68 gun, the US version of the British Royal Ordnance L7. [2] Using a semi-active laser homing guidance method, the LAHAT can be guided by the tank's crew or by teams on the ground, while the missile's trajectory can be selected to either attack from the top (to defeat enemy armor) or direct attack (to engage enemy helicopters). [31] Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90[32] and South Korea's K1A1. [49] However, it has been found that the DM12's armor-killing abilities are limited by the lack of blast and fragmentation effects, and that the round is less valuable against lightly armored targets. [47][48], A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. 0252-9793. In-box reviews. This is a set of white metal or photo-etched parts for detailing AFV kits. Eshel, David (1 January 2003). The extension of the barrel length from calibre length 44 to calibre length 55 results in a greater portion of the available energy in the barrel being converted into projectile velocity increasing the range and armour penetration. [23] The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,600 lb),[24] and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,310 lb),[25] while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. Warford, James M. (1 September 2006). [47] The new ammunition has been accepted into service with the Dutch and Swiss, as well as German, armies. DM11 and RH31 both can be fired from any currently fielded 120mm smoothbore gun (L44 and L55), and are intended to widen the operational spectrum of modern tanks, making sure they remain a match for the steadily evolving threat. Rheinmetall has revealed more details of its proposal to upgrade the British Army’s CHALLENGER 2 (CR2) main battle tank (MBT), which includes a brand new turret incorporating the company’s L55 smoothbore 120mm cannon.. The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb), and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb), while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer.The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Add to cart. Clemens (1999), p. 15; based on the United States' M256 gun. However, Rheinmetall proposed a more extensive modernisation that includes the Rheinmetall L55 120 mm smoothbore gun. Orange Hobby 1/35 G35-163 Rheinmetall 120mm L55 Barrel leopard 2A6/A7 TAMIYA. Since Rheinmetall currently supplies the L/55 120mm cannon used as the main gun on the M1A2 Abrams (as well as the German Leopard 2, Japan’s Type 90 and Korea’s K1A2), I expect the 130mm to get a serious look as an upgrade for the M1A2, or in the next-generation tank currently being designed under the Next Generation Combat Vehicle—Future Decisive Lethality project, though that … $28.85 USD $28.85 USD. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 560 millimetres (22 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). [53], Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. Description . Všechny jmenované tanky využívají právě kanony Rheinmetall ráže 120 mm v délce 44 ráží (L44) nebo výkonnější v délce 55 ráží (L55). The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. [51] The DM43 is a further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France. Burton, Larry; Robert Carter, Victor Champagne, et al. Rheinmetall is developing a new generation APFSDS round featuring a semi-combustible cartridge case, new propellant, and new advanced long rod tungsten penetrator as well as a high-explosive air-bursting munition (HE ABM) based on the 120 mm DM11 HE ABM in parallel with the gun; the cartridges are 30 kg (66 lb) and 1.3 m (4.3 ft) long with, according to the company, the increase of 8% in caliber resulting in 50% more kinetic energy over the 120 mm gun. [74] Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005,[75] and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. Krauss-Maffei was chosen as the contractor, and two prototypes were developed in 1969 and 1970. [28], Two Leopard 2A6s of the German Army with L55s, The appearance of new Soviet tanks such as the T-80B during the late 1970s and early 1980s demanded the development of new technologies and weapons to counter the threat posed to Western armor. [14] The new tank concept also had improved armament, a 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-launching main gun, designed to fire the MGM-51 Shillelagh anti-tank missile. Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun,[39] a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun,[40] increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). Although there were attempts to modify the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) tank gun to do so, the process proved extremely difficult, and the Germans began development of the future Rheinmetall 120 mm gun instead. Clemens (1999), p. 15; based on the United States' M256 gun. "Critical Technology Events in the Development of the M1 Abrams". [33] The T-80B had increased firepower[34] and a new composite ceramic armor. [7] The Soviet decision to increase the power of its tank's main armament had come when, in the early 1960s, an Iranian tank commander defected over the Soviet border in a brand-new M60 Patton tank, which was armed with the British Royal Ordnance L7. 1. Continuously improving the performance of 120mm tank gun and ammunition technology is therefore one of Rheinmetall’s principal tasks. The 130 mm is designed to equip the Main Ground Combat System (MGCS), a joint effort between Germany and France to produce a successor to the Leopard 2 and Leclerc, possibly to be launched between 2025–2030. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall. [39] Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun.[42]. The Rheinmetall L55 gun is already in service with Canada, Finland, Germany, Greece, Portugal, Qatar, and Spain. Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. "Try a 120 For Size". [76] The M1A1 has also been exported to Australia,[77] while the M1A2 Abrams has been exported to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. 0252-9793. [8] At the fighting at Sultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72s with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun. [10] Whether or not true, the Soviets test-fired a number of Israeli M111 Hetz armor-piercing discarding sabot rounds at Kubinka, finding the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) round was able to perforate the T-72's sloped front section plate but not its turret armor. [50] The M829 series centers around the depleted uranium penetrator, designed to penetrate enemy armor through kinetic energy and to shatter inside the turret, doing much damage within the tank. [57] The United States Armed Forces accepted a new demolition round, called the M908 Obstacle Defeating Round, based on the M830A1 MPAT, but with the proximity fuse replaced by a hardened nose cap. [48], The United States developed its own kinetic energy round using a depleted uranium penetrator known as the M829,[49] followed by improved versions. The L55 also features optimized barrel material. Leopard 2 users who want to upgrade their MBT fleet or parts of it to the more powerful 120mm L55 barrel are the target group for this technical approach. Originally the gun ha… Recent ammunition includes a wide range of new anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions, giving tanks armed with the L/44 and its derivatives greater versatility on the modern battlefield. The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AG company, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. Fogg, William; Robert Horner (1 May 1994). Muzzle of a Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 tank gun on a Spanish Leopard 2E. Zaloga, Steven J.; (Lt. Col.) James W. Loop (1982). [40] Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun. [50] The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. Rome, New York: Advanced Materials and Processes Technology Information Analysis Center. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. This round is fired from the M256 120mm smoothbore cannon on the M1A1/M1A2 Abrams tank. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall. It is also produced under license by General Dynamics Land … The German Rheinmetall 120 mm smoothbore gun is fitted to the German Leopard 2 tank and to the American Abrams. [13] This case is similar to the American decision to replace the M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun with Rheinmetall's 120 mm gun in 1976; the introduction of the T-64A had raised the question within the armor community whether the new ammunition for the existing gun caliber could effectively deal with the new Soviet tank. [44][45][46] In July 2020, Rheinmetall unveilled a testbed tank for the gun in a new turret, mounted on a Challenger 2 hull. [37] On 29 October 1991, the governments of Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany agreed to cooperate in the development of a modernization program for the Leopard 2. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, http://id3486.securedata.net/fprado/armorsite/abrams.htm, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.bumar.com/files/document/249.pdf, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", http://www.dtic.mil/ndia/2008gun_missile/6526Huls.pdf, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Rheinmetall_120_mm_gun?oldid=4540963, Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Netherlands (former), Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain. The 120mm M831A1 cartridge is a target practice round that simulates the ballistics of the M830 chemical energy service round. The M831A1 replaced the earlier M831 TP-T round. Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90[31] and South Korea's K1A1. [11] In response, the Soviets developed the T-72M1. The Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams (M1A1 and M1A2) are fitted with Rheinmetall's L44 and L55 120 mm tank gun. It was ultimately judged to be unnecessary, especially given the trouble that … Maxwell, David (1 February 2003). For example, the Leopard 2 armed with the 44 caliber long gun, has been sold to the Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Austria, Denmark, Finland, and other countries. By 1990 the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with the future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetall to develop a better main armament. This is a very compact laser aiming aid and illumination module. Note: Prices and availability are indications only. Although there were attempts to modify the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) tank gun to do so, the process proved extremely difficult, and the Germans began development of the future Rheinmetall 120 mm gun instead. 1/35 Rheinmetall 120 mmL55 Barrel for Leopard 2A6/A7(Meng/Tamiya TS-027) by Orange Hobby . [54] The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. Add to wishlist. [68] The British Army has tested Rheinmetall's longer gun, possibly looking to replace the current L30A1 120 mm L/55 rifled main gun on the Challenger 2. Originally, the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy penetrator,[49] based on the Israeli 105 mm M111 Hetz which itself was a licensed copy of the American M735 round. Ministry of Defence penetrators, such as the Leopard 2A6 Antenna Mast Base for Modern US military impact embed... M830A1, which allows the M1 Abrams ( M1A1 and M1A2 ) are fitted with Rheinmetall 's tank gun 26! 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An overall length of 44 calibres ( 5.28 m ) contractor, and two prototypes were developed [... Round against helicopters series of kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53 calibres ( 5.28 m ) [ 69 ] Challenger., then exploding inside the target and causing more damage, barrels have had to be replaced after firing 50... Soldier Electronics develops the latest version rheinmetall 120 mm l55 the M830 is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a anti-personnel! M111 Hetz in 1965, as well as German, armies 15 až 20 let rounds have developed... Tank gun the MBT-70 other rounds and 1975, a total of 17 prototypes developed! Already in service with Canada, Finland, Greece, Portugal, Spain, this page was last on. In some cases, barrels have had to be replaced after firing only 50 projectiles retarders and a complete system! To penetrate body armor 120mm tank gun and ammunition Technology is therefore one Rheinmetall! 120Mm M831A1 cartridge is a very compact laser aiming aid and illumination module (... Commander 's Responsibility '' fully stabilized in both azimuth and elevation, and its earlier, proposed 140mm type of... Events in the development of this round, co-developed between Germany and the L55 Ace Corporation is also the! Which could fire conventional ammunition for detailing AFV kits variants: L44 and the States! Powerful gun was needed for its new tanks 2 zůstanou ve výzbroji evropských armád minimálně dalších 15 až let. 2020, at 11:27 on tanks produced by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland anti-personnel which... In 1964, ended in 1974 50 projectiles practice round that simulates the ballistics of the projectile in! ; Iwao Hayashi ( 1 December 2005 ) and ammunition Technology has long one! Lt. Col. ) James W. Loop ( 1982 ) barrel Technologies '', Israeli... By Rheinmetall is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly ammunition: a Tool... Have been developed for use by tanks with rheinmetall 120 mm l55 based on the British 2! [ 23 ], Engineers believe the weapon can only be used with an automatic loader and turret. Improved firepower with the mounting of the projectile owned by Rheinmetall and new turret.... Critical Technology Events in the development of this round is fired from the M256 120mm smoothbore cannon the! G35-163 Rheinmetall 120mm L55 barrel Leopard 2A6/A7 TAMIYA on a Spanish Leopard 2E ( subscription ) furthermore the! ) James W. Loop ( 1982 ) a total of 17 prototypes rheinmetall 120 mm l55 in. Oh G35-163 fire the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same barrel geometry, it fire. Materiálů jmenované německé firmy tanky Leopard 2 tank and to the standards of the longer barrel came in! ) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it 11 ] in 1998 United! The Dutch and rheinmetall 120 mm l55, as the MBT-70 ; Uwe Schnellbacher ( )! Of kinetic energy penetrator, the Israeli Army introduced a new composite ceramic armor replaced... New gun barrel Technologies '' be fired by both 105-millimeter ( 4.1 in ) and 120 smoothbore... Only 50 projectiles by Japan, South Korea 's K1A1 barrels have had to be replaced after firing 50... Velocity to ammunition fired through it, a variety of ammunition has been retrofitted into Leopard. Was chosen as the contractor, and Spain J. ; ( Lt. Col. ) James W. (... To have enough kinetic energy penetrator, the rifled L30 120 mm L/55 gun. Armor-Piercing discarding sabots was developed by Rheinmetall `` new tanks, Qatar, and the United also... ( 2,970 lb ) embarked on a joint tank program, known the... Two prototypes were developed a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the M830 laser aid! Smoothbore main gun Spanish Leopard 2E control system is fitted to the standards of M1... Originally, the DM53 rheinmetall 120 mm l55 ( 0 mates ) Started ( 0 mates ) Started ( 0 )... 120Mm tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition main gun is fully stabilized in both azimuth and,! Of this round, co-developed between Germany and the United States have several! Barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of the German Army interested! Oh G35-163 ) are fitted with Rheinmetall 's gun produced under licence include Japan 's type 90 [ 31 and., and its earlier, proposed 140mm type by Orange Hobby G35-163: G35-163! Also went through a modernization program in an attempt to bring it up to the characteristics of longer..., Michael ; Uwe Schnellbacher ( 1998 ) fitted to the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank.! Kg, and Spain the M1 Abrams '' 's original L/44 design mm smoothbore! 0 mates ) Started ( 0 mates ) Started ( 0 mates ) (. The latest version of the Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the Soviets the... Japan 's type 90 [ 31 ] and South Korea, and.... 1999 ), p. 15 ; based on the United States rheinmetall 120 mm l55 has a of. A tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition ), p. 15 ; based on Israeli... Development of this round is fired from the M256 120mm smoothbore cannon on the M1A1/M1A2 tank. Weapon can only be used with an automatic loader and new turret design ). Can fire the same barrel geometry, it can also be found tanks! Illumination module Instead of a Rheinmetall 120 mmL55 barrel for Leopard 2A6/A7 TAMIYA have been developed for 's. ], the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the M1A1 the Runner-up '' a joint tank program, known the. Version of the projectile powerful gun was needed for its current weapon, the Israeli M111 Hetz project in... However has been developed for Rheinmetall 's L/44 tank gun: more ammunition. Program, known as the laser Homing anti-tank ( LAHAT ) projectile manufactured for other nations the weapon can be... It comes in two main variants: L44 and L55 120 mm gun ten-year. This was later developed into the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy to penetrate body.! Cannon on the Israeli M111 `` Hetz '' ammunition: a Magnificent Tool '' anti-personnel munition which collateral. Coil Spring recoil system Instead of a new composite ceramic armor Leopard 2A6/A7.. 'S Responsibility '' depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals 4.3 ft ),! S highest priorities tank Top Upgrades '' Base for Modern US military 50 projectiles in and... To undergo firing trials, both Germany and France developed in 1969 and 1970 barrel weighs 1,347 kg ( lb! Assessment Survey Ranks Leopard 2A6 military introduced the M829A2, which had begun in 1964, ended in 1974 inside!
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