Records of the Court of Assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630-1692. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Massachusetts (officially called a commonwealth) is known for being the … Anyone who did not agree with or follow the Puritan lifestyle, be it religious or political, was driven out, often violently. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. At that time, the Church and State were one in England and the act of separating from the Church of England was considered treasonous. Secondly, what was the main goal of the Puritans? Start studying Massachusetts: A New England Colony. Bradford and Brewster had disagreed with Williams over many things such as William’s belief that it was wrong for a pastor to administer an oath to an “ungodly” man and his belief that the practice of infant baptism allowed people who were not chosen by God to enter the church. Both colonies enacted strict laws on keeping the Sabbath and neither observed Christmas as a holiday. Though their Separatism represented a major difference between the Pilgrims and the non-Separatist Puritans who settled Massachusetts Bay, there was a strong enough friendship between the two groups that when a church was organized at Salem in 1629 – the second English congregation to be established on these shores and, of course, officially Anglican – Governor Bradford and some others made a perilous trip to Salem to ‘extend the right hand of fellowship, wishing all prosperity and a blessed success unto such good beginnings.’ Moreover, the Plymouth Separatists were willing to share in worship with other Christian groups, including the Church of England – an idea which had much to do with the controversy between the Pilgrims and one of their most famous ministers, Roger Williams.”. Massachusetts - Massachusetts - Cultural life: The blending of an Old World heritage and a New World spirit produced a bountiful cultural environment in Massachusetts. In 1632, a preacher named Roger Williams came to Plymouth after leaving the Massachusetts Bay Colony due to disagreements over religious beliefs. In addition to this, Separatist principles at the time included a separation between church and state as well as, for the more radical pilgrims, a separation from all other religious communities. Puritans led strict religious lives, and dissenters were treated harshly. The Puritans went to Massachusetts for the sake of their own religious freedom. The colonists moved the so-called “Praying Indians” into separate towns, authorized by the Massachusetts government, once they converted. What was the religion like in Massachusetts colony? The Puritans who founded Boston went down in history for strict laws about keeping the Sabbath, the scarlet letter for adultery and the Salem witch trials that closed out the 17th century. For most of the 17th century, the Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay colonies were separate entities, both occupying land that eventually became the state of Massachusetts. The primary religion of the New England colonies was the strict Puritan Christianity originally brought to the Massachusetts Bay colony by ships like the Mayflower, but as the colonies grew and changed, some of the colonists began to move away from that base. Sabbath services were held twice on Sunday, from 9am to noon and from 2pm to 5pm, and sermons were often given on Thursdays and when Days of Thanksgiving or Days of Fasting and Humiliation were proclaimed. Years later, in the 1670s, when the first generation of settlers – many of whom had musical training – had died, the colonists had difficulty with the music of the psalms. Anyone who did not agree with or follow the Puritan lifestyle, be it religious or political, was driven out, often violently. Procon.org has researched Religion in the Original 13 Colonies, and and concluded: “All 13 American colonies had some form of state-supported religion. APUSH Period 1 and 2 Quiz Terms. They were Puritans and practiced their religion as they pleased. They often drop the “r” sound after vowels, and the mocking phrase, “Pahk the cah in Hahvahd yahd” is used nationwide to imitate the unmistakable Boston accent. Puritan is one answer -- but only one -- to the question of religion for Massachusetts in the 1600s. The Pilgrims and the Puritans shared a Calvinist faith based on the concept of "predestination" -- the predetermination regarding whether people would go to heaven or hell. ... YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Chapter 4 - Section 1. The image of Puritan Massachusetts persists, but it’s not entirely accurate. The Puritans who founded Boston went down in history for strict laws about keeping the Sabbath, the scarlet letter for adultery and the Salem witch trials that closed out the 17th century. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. Comments Off The pilgrims of Plymouth Colony were religious separatists from the Church of England. The Salem Witch Trials Victims: Who Were They? The religion of colonial Connecticut was primarily Puritan. The second, larger Puritan colony of Massachusetts Bay was conceived as a "city upon a hill." The non-separatists didn’t agree and when they refused to work on Christmas day and were found playing games in the street Governor William Bradford took their games away and stated: “that was against his conscience, that they should play and others work. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a Puritan theocracy and non Puritans like Quakers, Catholics (Papists) and others were banished from Boston and surrounding regions. It had a large ethnic diversity, consisting of people like the Dutch, French Huguenots, English, Scots, Irish, and more. Bradford, William. Days of Thanksgiving and Days of Fasting and Humiliation were religious days where the puritans would spend all day fasting and praying, usually due to a problem or conflict they were facing at the time. Yet, as radical as moving to the wilderness in search of religious freedom may seem, according to the Pilgrim Hall Museum Website, the Plymouth pilgrims were actually the least radical of the separatist movement: “Our Plymouth forebears were among the least radical of Separatist groups. These were sung, without musical accompaniment, by the whole congregation. What Type of Uniforms Did Revolutionary War Soldiers Wear? 80 terms. The saints didn’t recognize or celebrate Christmas because they felt it was more of a Pagan holiday than a Christian holiday. Native Americans occupied Massachusetts long before British colonists arrived, and each group held its own beliefs, but colonists pushed to convert their neighbors to Christianity. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a Puritan theocracy and non Puritans like Quakers , Catholics (Papists) and others were banished from Boston and surrounding regions. The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies in America. Boston’s team in Major League Baseball, the Bos… The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a Puritan theocracy and non Puritans like Quakers, Catholics (Papists) and others were banished from Boston and surrounding regions. The Massachusetts Bay Colony's land consists of rivers and the coastline. If Spain won the war and took over Holland, they knew that Protestants such as themselves would no longer be welcome there. If they made the keeping of [Christmas] a matter of devotion, let them keep their houses; but there should be no gaming or reveling in the streets.”. A bill passed in 1650 made it a crime to slander a church or minister. See disclaimer. First governor of Massachusetts. A number of people in the colony were non-separatists who came to Plymouth Colony for economic reasons. The Great Migration. In 1689, the English Parliament passed The Tolerant Act, which stopped corporal punishment for dissenters, such as cropping the ears of Quakers or publicly whipping Baptists. Both Massachusetts colonies required attendance at Sunday services, and both treated marriage as a civil rite, not a church sacrament. They established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. For this same reason, they also rejected hymns, the recitation of the Lord’s Prayer and creeds. Roger Williams, a man godly and zealous, having many precious parts but very unsettled in judgement…He this year [1633] began to fall into some strange opinions, and from opinion to practice, which caused some controversy between the church and him. This permission was forbidden for religious dissenters so the pilgrims had to illegally smuggle themselves out of England by bribing ship captains to take them to Holland. Puritan is one answer -- but only one -- to the question of religion for Massachusetts in the 1600s. With the 1685 codification of laws, even more laws were passed concerning religious and moral conduct. The saints also rejected Easter and the various Saints Days because they believed they had no scriptural basis. 10 terms. Massachusetts Bay whipped, banished and hanged Quakers while Plymouth Colony fined, whipped and banished Quakers but refrained from hanging them. Nan East began writing professionally in 1978 and worked as a reporter and editor for daily and weekly newspapers. The Massachusetts Colony was one of four colonies that made up the New England Colonies, which also included the New Hampshire Colony, the Connecticut Colony, and the Rhode Island Colony. Massachusetts colonists in the 17th century didn’t observe religious holidays like Christmas and Easter -- but did recognize election day and the day of the Harvard commencement as days of rest, along with Sundays. At first, Plymouth Colony’s government and its religion were only somewhat entwined but the colony slowly increased its legislation on religious duties and morals over time. 43 terms. The Puritans however, combined their religious doctrine with their system of government. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. Surrender of the Patent of Plymouth Colony to the Freeman, 1640. The Puritans were part of the Reform movement and wanted to purify the Anglican Church of corruption. https://historyofmassachusetts.org/history-of-the-massachusetts-bay-colony ... Government of Massachusetts in which government and religion was tied closely together (theocracy) John Winthrop. And in the end some discontent on his part, by occasion whereof he left them something ubruptly…But he is to be pitied and prayed for; and so I shall leave the matter and desire the Lord to show him his errors and reduce him into the way of truth and give him a settled judgment and constancy in the same, for I hope he belongs to the Lord, and that he will show him mercy.”. The Plymouth colonists settled on the coast to the south in 1620, 10 years before Puritans founded Boston in 1630. They were a part of the Puritan movement which began in the 16th century with the goal to “purify” the Church of England of its corrupt doctrine and practices. At this point, the practice of ‘lining’ psalms began. The idea of a “city … This is what prompted the separatists to flee England for Leiden, Holland in 1607. A bill passed around this time also made church attendance mandatory. Their aim—according to John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts Bay—was to create a model of reformed Protestantism, a “city upon a hill,” a new English Israel. The popular history book, Saints and Strangers by George Wilson, famously nicknamed these two groups of people as saints and strangers. Puritans left England for the New World. The seating arrangement of the Plymouth meetinghouse was organized by gender with the men and boys 16 years and older sitting on one side of the meetinghouse and the women and children on the other. The pilgrims of Plymouth Colony were religious separatists from the Church of England. Some of the major rivers include the Charles, Merrimack and the Connecticut rivers. The 13 original colonies were divided into three areas including the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629. Colonial America - Lesson 2. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the Puritans, a religious minority group who migrated to the New World seeking to create a model religious … They hoped to purify the Church of England, and then return to Europe with a new and improved religion. Puritan. These economic reasons and religious reasons are what prompted the pilgrims to emigrate to North America in 1620. When the pilgrim’s Pastor Robinson remained in Holland and did not travel to Plymouth with the colonists, Brewster preached and taught the pilgrims in Plymouth. Ruling Elders were in charge of the government of the congregation but because they were not ordained ministers they could not deliver the sacraments. Embarkation of the Pilgrims, oil painting by Robert W. Weir, circa 1844. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. They were a part of the Puritan movement which began in the 16th century with the goal to “purify” the Church of England of its corrupt doctrine and practices. To leave England at the time, you needed permission from the King. Abigail Williams: The Mysterious Afflicted Girl, Native Americans in the Revolutionary War. The main religion of colonial Massachusetts in the 1700s were Puritan Separatists. “Religious Controversies in Plymouth Colony.” Pilgrim Hall Museum, www.pilgrimhallmuseum.org/pdf/Religious_Controversies_Plymouth_Colony.pdf. Rebecca Beatrice Brooks is the author and publisher of the History of Massachusetts Blog. There were also bills passed that required a fine of ten shillings or a whipping for anyone who profaned the Sabbath. One of those is known as the "Antinomian Crisis" which resulted in the departure of Anne Hutchinson (1591–1643) from Massachusetts Bay. But it also struggled with internal turmoil—like the Salem Witch Trials—and external conflict, like King Philip's (Metacom's) War. Massachusetts (/ ˌ m æ s ə ˈ tʃ uː s ɪ t s / (), /-z ɪ t s /), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. Williams was disappointed by the pilgrims and left Plymouth after he was invited to become the pastor at a church in Salem, Mass. Pilgrim Hall Museum; Pilgrim and Puritan: A Delicate Distinction; Richard Howland Maxwell; March 2003, Religion and the Founding of the American Republic: America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century, Part 1, Religion and the Founding of the American Republic: America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century, Part 2, American Treasures of the Library of Congress: First Complete Bible Published in America. The first settlers in Massachusetts were the Pilgrims who established Plymouth Colony in 1620 and developed friendly relations with the Wampanoag people. A printer in Cambridge, Massachusetts, published the “Eliot Bible” in 1663. the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded as a haven for religious freedom for all early colonist, principally for the Puritans. Through the early 1700s, religion gave Massachusetts colonists a common purpose that shaped their government and their daily lives. View all posts by Rebecca Beatrice Brooks. Williams ideas were somewhat radical, even for purists like the pilgrims. 13 Colonies. This friction is what prompted the pilgrims to draw up the Mayflower Compact as a way to unite the saints and strangers and keep the peace. They hoped to not only find the religious freedom they were seeking in North America but also hoped to be able to earn money by establishing a colony there that would harvest supplies and send them back to England to be sold. As scholar Perry Miller wrote in The New England Mind (1939), “Puritanism was one of the major expressions of Western intellect” and was “an important part of the whole thought of the seventeenth century.” Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Plymouth’s Pilgrims weren’t Puritans, although they shared some beliefs. The Puritans in Massachusetts Bay and the Separatists in Plymouth didn’t tolerate dissenters. “”Faith of the Pilgrims.”  Plimoth Plantation, www.plimoth.org/what-see-do/17th-century-english-village/faith-pilgrims Georgia welcomed large groups of Puritans, Lutherans, and Quakers. Religion in the Virginia Colony mainly consisted of Anglican Christians. Both the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony reacted strongly to the influx of Quakers to their colonies in the 1650s and 1660s. She has awards from the New England Press Association and Suburban Newspapers of America and a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy from Wheaton College. Although the pilgrims had religious freedom in Holland, they found it difficult to retain their English identity in a Dutch country, they worked grueling jobs in the cloth industry there and the possibility of war between Holland and the Catholic-run Spain, due to their 12 year truce nearing its end, threatened their future in the country. Anne Bradstreet’s (1612-1672) poetry tended to note that religion was a consolation, brought her peace, and something to relieve her worldly sadness or grief, not how religion was used as a weapon as seen in her own Massachusetts colony. They came to the colony in pursuit of religious freedom. Apart from the fact that the native population had its own beliefs, the early British colonists who settled in Massachusetts weren’t all Puritans. Rebecca is a freelance journalist and history lover who got her start in journalism working for small-town newspapers in Massachusetts and New Hampshire after she graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a B.A. Sources: There was friction at times between the saints and strangers, particularly after the Mayflower landed at Provincetown and some of the strangers began to question the saints’ authority there since none of them had legal permission to be there. The Puritans, another religious group seeking freedom from the crown, founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 on what is now Boston. They left Europe for the Americas in search of religious freedom. New Jersey, like the other middle colonies, was a melting pot for religion and culture. A much larger group of English Puritans left England in the 1630s, establishing the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the New Haven Colony, the Connecticut Colony, and Rhode Island. Bradford described Williams in his diary, which was later published under the title Of Plymouth Plantation: “Mr. The only religious group that was not allowed in Georgia was Catholics. Unlike the exodus of young men to the Chesapeake colonies, these migrants were families with young children and their university-trained ministers. 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