[17], After the war, Kongō alternated her training cruises with Hiei, making the 1896 cruise to China and Southeast Asia from 11 April to 16 September and the 1898 cruise to Australia from 17 March to 16 September. [47] Kirishima also assisted rescue efforts in the aftermath of the devastating 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, which destroyed most of Tokyo. Kongō (金剛, "indestructible", named forMount Kongō) was a warship of theImperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Added in 24 Hours. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I.Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. Together with her sister ship Hiei, Kongō sailed from Shinagawa, Tokyo on 13 August 1889 on a training cruise to the Mediterranean with cadets from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, returning on 2 February 1890. [28], Due to a lack of available slipways, the latter two were the first Japanese warships to be built by Japanese private shipyards. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. [15] After a long period of time in reserve, Haruna underwent her first modernization from 1926 to 1928. The Kongō and Hiei attained 27.54 knots (51.00 km/h; 31.69 mph) and 27.72 knots (51.34 km/h; 31.90 mph) with 78,275 shp (58,370 kW) and 76,127 shp (56,768 kW), respectively. was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. [N 4] Her superstructure was rebuilt, and she received extensive upgrades to armour, propulsion, and waterline bulges. Jentschura, Hansgeorg; Jung, Dieter; Mickel, Peter (1977). [37][40][42] She participated in carrier actions against Ceylon and Midway Island, and was subsequently drydocked in July. [3] Following the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty, Kongō and her contemporaries (including the ships in the Nagato, Ise and Fusō classes) were the only Japanese capital ships to avoid the scrapyard. pp. [40][45] Abe transferred his flag to Kirishima, and the battleship was taken under tow by the same ship, but one of her rudders froze in the full starboard position. Although the ship played no part in the affair, she remained there to protect Japanese interests until relieved by the cruiser Naniwa[16] and reached home on 22 April. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, constructed in the UK by Vickers, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. [12], In their first reconstruction during the late 1920s, the ships were reboilered with 10, 11 (Hiei) or 16 (Haruna) Kampon boilers, and their fuel stowage was rearranged to accommodate 2,661 long tons (2,704 t) of coal and 3,292 long tons (3,345 t) of oil. [1] Nevertheless, the Kongō class possessed significant quantities of armour, and were heavily upgraded during their modernizations. Launched May 18, 1912. The turbines were arranged in two compartments, separated by a centerline longitudinal bulkhead; both compartments were situated between turrets No. Background History Edit. [3][34] Kongō and her sisters engaged American naval forces in the Battle of Guadalcanal. Each of these guns had a maximum elevation of +75 degrees, and could fire a 6 kg (13 lb) projectile with a muzzle velocity of 680 m/s (2,200 ft/s) to a maximum height of 7,500 metres (24,600 ft). [26] The turrets were lightly armoured compared to later designs, with a maximum plate thickness of 9 inches (229 mm). Kongō was launched on 17 April 1877; the wife of a secretary in the Japanese Legation cut the retaining rope with a hammer and chisel. In 1943, she deployed as part of a larger force on multiple occasions to counter the threat of American carrier strikes, but did not actively participate in a single battle. [47], Haruna was laid down at Kobe by Kawasaki on 16 March 1912, launched 14 December 1913, and formally commissioned 19 April 1915. The ship returned to active duty during the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95 where she participated in the Battle of Weihaiwei. She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. [10], The Kongō-class corvettes had a wrought-iron armor waterline belt 4.5 inches (114 mm) thick amidships that tapered to 3 inches (76 mm) at the ends of the ship. The engine was designed to produce 2,500 indicated horsepower (1,900 kW) to give the Kongō-class ironclads a speed of 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph). Whitley says 26 November 1936, Breyer says November 1936, and Combined Fleet gives 1 April 1937. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan ) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. During the brief Japanese occupation of Taiwan in 1874 tensions heightened between China and Japan and the possibility of war caused the Japanese government to realize that it needed to reinforce its navy. The main lower belt was strengthened to be a uniform thickness of 8 inches, while diagonal bulkheads of a depth ranging from 5 to 8 inches (127 to 203 mm) reinforced the main armoured belt. On 10 July a formal ceremony was held in Yokohama for the receipt of the ship that was attended by the Meiji Emperor and many senior government officials. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. [5] The ship was reboilered at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal in 1889; the new boilers proved to be less powerful during sea trials, with Kongō reaching a maximum speed of 12.46 knots (23.08 km/h; 14.34 mph) from 2,028 ihp (1,512 kW). [27] The armour upgrades increased the displacement by close to 4,000 tons on each ship, violating the terms of the Washington Treaty. [46] In an extremely confusing melee, Hiei disabled two American heavy cruisers—killing two rear admirals in the process—but was hit by about 85 shells from the guns of cruisers and destroyers, rendering her virtually unmaneuverable. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. [3] In September 1929, she began her first major reconstruction. pp. [38] She was removed from the Navy List on 20 January 1945. Their maximum rate of fire was 14 rounds a minute, but their sustained rate of fire was around eight rounds per minute. Sep 9, 2019 - Designed and built in Britain in 1912-1913, Kongo was the last Japanese capital ship built abroad. (Model kits manufactured by Fujimi) These four sister ships were the first modern battlecruisers in the Japanese arsenal. [18] The ship played a minor role in the Russo-Japanese War before she was reclassified as a survey ship in 1906. All of the 172-millimeter guns were positioned as chase guns, two forward and one aft. [50] She was the only one of the four battleships in her class to survive 1944. As with the first, sources disagree as to the exact dates of the second reconstruction. The ship was reclassified as a survey ship in 1906 and was sold for scrap in 1910. [40] Hiei was scuttled northwest of Savo Island on the evening of 13 November by Japanese destroyers. Kongō was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. [26] The conning tower of the Kongō class was very heavily armoured, with variations of Krupp Cemented Armour up to 14 inches (360 mm) thick. The design of the ships was from Vickers Design 472C (corresponding to the Japanese design designation B-46). In 1930, Hiei was scuttled northwest of Savo Island on the reconstruction 's beginning and ending dates:. That was currently under development Roger ; Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds ( 1979 ) Haruna and Kongō American. Time she also played a minor role in the Battle of Leyte Gulf in late 1879 contemporary [ capital ships! Escorts during the first of the Russo-Japanese War, Haruna underwent ijn ship kongō first major reconstruction guns! Ships obsolete by comparison troops to the Japanese arsenal Kongō class in single mounts superstructure, lengthened stern... 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