[133] Testing of the first APUs began in 2009. Furthermore 400 … The M1A2C is the latest variant of Abrams to enter production. [60], In October 2017, Abrams were used by the Iraqi security forces and the Popular Mobilization Forces (also called Al-Hashd al-Shaabi) in assaults against the Kurdistan Regional Government Peshmerga in the town of Altun Kupri (also called Prde). Additionally, the Commander's Independent Thermal Viewer (CITV) on the M1A2 can be used to locate targets and pass them on for the gunner to engage while the commander scans for new targets. Abrams M1A2 SEPV3 (System Enhanced Package) is a modernised configuration of the Abrams main battle tank (MBT) in service with the US Army. The primary APFSDS round of the Abrams is the depleted uranium M829 round, of which four variants have been designed. Protection of the M1A2 was improved by using depleted uranium mesh at the front of the hull and turret. The improved engine and tracks are not part of an Army upgrade program, but may be included in a near-term engineering change proposal (ECP) phase.[131][132]. In July 1977, Lt. as well as other partner offers and accept our, NOW WATCH: Car builders make hot rods out of World War II fighter plane belly tanks, Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories, first of about a half-dozen initial production, Here are the weapons and gear that soldiers and Marines can look forward to in 2021. The testing showed that the GM design was generally superior, offering better armor protection, and better fire control and turret stabilization systems. US Army/Sgt. CANNON, 105MM GUN: M68A1E2 MIL-C-45504A Rev. For the early 20th Century light tank, see, U.S. Army M1A2 Abrams with production TUSK, Main Battle Tanks of comparable role, performance, and era. In addition to the armor, some USMC Abrams tanks are equipped with a Softkill Active protection system, the AN/VLQ-6 Missile Countermeasure Device (MCD) that can impede the function of guidance systems of some semi-active control line-of-sight (SACLOS) wire- and radio guided anti-tank missiles (such as the Russian 9K114 Shturm) and infrared homing missiles. When deployed, the grenades airburst, creating a thick smoke that blocks both visual and thermal imaging. The problem with more passive armor is that it also adds significant additional weight to the Abrams, which could limit its mobility. [17] There is no evidence that GM considered using the MTU engine of the MBT-70, which outperformed both and had been chosen for the Leopard 2K. [45] From August 2005 to April 2008, at least 20 tanks of this type were destroyed. The Defense Department announced on Friday that the Army has awarded a monster $4.62 billion contract to defense giant General Dynamics Land Systems to produce M1A2 SEPv3 tanks for the service over the next eight years. The ballistic computer manipulates the turret and a complex arrangement of mirrors so that all one has to do is keep the reticle on the target and fire to achieve a hit. Also known as the M1A2C, the new Abrams variant "rectifies many of the space, weight and power issues identified during Operation Iraqi Freedom and will be the foundational variant for all future incremental upgrades," according to the Army. They were surprised when Clements and Currie criticized their decision and demanded the turbine be selected. Presidio. For now. The U.S. Army's Future Combat Systems XM1202 Mounted Combat System was to replace the Abrams in U.S. service and was in development when funding for the program was cut from the DoD's budget. Hunnicutt, R.P. (Optional) A second coaxial .50 cal. [113], The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) conducted a thermal analysis of the M256 from 2002 to 2003 to evaluate the potential of using a hybrid barrel system that would allow for multiple weapon systems such as the XM1111 Mid- Range munition, airburst rounds, or XM 1147. [114], The Army is developing a new round to replace the M830/M830A1, M1028, and M908. [48] Some Abrams tanks were disabled by Iraqi infantrymen in ambushes during the invasion. [35] Polish officials state no license-produced T-72 (nicknamed Lion of Babylon) tanks were finished prior to the Iraqi Taji tank plant being destroyed in 1991. [110] Development of the M829 series is continuing with the M829A4 currently entering production, featuring advanced technology such as data-link capability. [74] It has been introduced into service and serves with Stryker brigades. The Army is already eyeing SEPv4 (or M1A2D) upgrades for testing, including "new laser rangefinder technology, color cameras, integrated on-board networks, new slip-rings, advanced meteorological sensors, ammunition data links, laser warning receivers and a far more lethal, multi-purpose 120mm tank round," as Bassett told Warrior Maven back in 2016. "It is a great step forward in reliability, sustainability, protection, and onboard power which positions the Abrams tank and our ABCTs for the future.". Very few M1 tanks were hit by enemy fire and none were destroyed as a direct result of enemy fire, none of which resulted in any fatalities. It has improved armor protection, improved system components, improved computer components, and some other improvements. Depends on which one. Quartermaster says: August 14, 2020 at 7:36 PM Phelps, you must not have read the article or watched the video. The tank has a halon firefighting system to automatically extinguish fires in the crew compartment. But this week they released pictures of M1A2C’s sporting some interesting modifications (including more turret armor): A picture has popped-up online showing the latest variant of the Army’s M1 Abrams tank with what appears to be a new armor package on its turret. The Bushmaster was seen as superfluous and was replaced with a M240 machine gun, the US version of the FN MAG. [11] The Abrams was due to be replaced by the Future Combat Systems XM1202 but due to its cancellation, the U.S. military has opted to continue maintaining and operating the M1 series for the foreseeable future by upgrading with improved optics, armor and firepower. According to Army budget documents, the service had previously shelled out more than $13.3 billion for upwards of 1,700 SEPv3 upgrade packages since the start of the program back in 2015. Besides, there was plenty of work to do with the arrival of the Abrams M1A2C—the latest tank to be adopted in the U.S. Army ground fleet—from mobility exercises to the highly-anticipated test firing of the new beast. [63], After the start of the Saudi Arabian intervention in Yemen during the 2015 Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Arabian M1A2 MBTs were deployed near the Saudi Arabian/Yemeni border. [104] It is planned for up to 261 Abrams to be upgraded with the system, enough for four brigades. The tracks are a version of the Leopard 2's tracks with different rubber pads and a larger center guide. The Abrams was first used in combat in the Persian Gulf War and has seen combat in both the War in Afghanistan and Iraq War under U.S. service, while Iraqi Abrams tanks have seen action in the war against ISIL and have seen use by Saudi Arabia during the Yemeni Civil War. However, the drawback to the system is that the ATGM is not destroyed, it is merely directed away from its intended target, leaving the missile to detonate elsewhere. Low initial rate production (LIRP) of the vehicle was approved on 7 May 1979. The M256 can fire two types of combat rounds – sabot and HEAT (High Explosive Anti-Tank). The M829A2 APFSDS round was developed specifically as an immediate solution to address the improved protection of a Russian T-72, T-80U or T-90 main battle tank equipped with Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor (ERA) as previous rounds were found to be incapable of defeating such armor. It was claimed by Kurdish commanders that at least one Abrams was destroyed by the Peshmerga. Following lessons learned in Desert Storm, the Abrams and many other U.S. combat vehicles used in the conflict were fitted with Combat Identification Panels to reduce friendly fire incidents. "It is the most reliable Abrams tank ever produced, will decrease the Army's logistic burden, and leads the Army in enterprise-level connectivity to maintenance and supply systems," according to the service. [31] The M1 was armed with the license-built M68A1 version of the 105 mm Royal Ordnance L7 gun. This upgrade was primarily geared towards the urban combat the Abrams was facing at the time in Iraq. [136][137], M1A1 AIM/SA: Depleted uranium inserts in hull and turret, Improved Chobham armor and increased turret armor Additions of ARAT ERA, slat armor Some tanks being equipped with Trophy APS, "M1 Tank" redirects here. The tracked M8 Armored Gun System was conceived as a possible supplement for the Abrams in U.S. service for low-intensity conflict in the early 1990s. [citation needed], In late 2017, the 400 USMC M1A1 Abrams will be upgraded with better and longer-range sights on the Abrams integrated display and targeting system (AIDATS) replacing the black-and-white camera view with a color one and adding day/night thermal sights, simplified handling with a single set of controls, and a slew to cue button that repositions the turret with a single command. [117], In addition to these, the XM1111 (Mid-Range-Munition Chemical Energy) was also in development. Russia and China both are developing new fighting vehicles. "[17] However, the Chrysler design had the advantage that the entire power pack had room to be replaced by any number of engine designs, including a Diesel if needed. The round is a modified M830A1 with the front fuse replaced by a steel nose to penetrate into the obstacle before detonation. Of the nine Abrams tanks destroyed, seven were destroyed by friendly fire, and two were purposely destroyed to prevent capture after being damaged. On 29 August 2006, General Dynamics Land Systems received a U.S. Army order for 505 Tank Urban Survivability Kits (TUSK) for Abrams main battle tanks supporting operations in Iraq, under a US$45 million contract. Its combat weight is increased to 66.8 t is Not clear whether additional means of protection in the form of overhead panels, KAZ and side skirts with dynamic protection. A 1,50… [59], One Iraqi-operated Abrams has been nicknamed "The Beast" after it became the lone working tank when taking back the town of Hit in April 2016, destroying enemy fighting positions and IED emplacements. "Intervehicular Information System (IVIS): The Basis for a Tactical Information System", SAE Paper Number: 940982, General Dynamics, 1 March 1994. The Chrysler design used a gas turbine engine from Lycoming Engines, the AGT1500, which had extensive heat recovery systems in an attempt to improve its fuel economy to something similar to a traditional internal combustion engine. [citation needed], Honeywell was developing another gas turbine engine with General Electric for the XM2001 Crusader program that was to be a replacement for the Abrams's AGT-1500 engine. 2 Responses to “M1A2C Abrams Tank Hits The Field” Phelps says: August 13, 2020 at 3:07 PM So, another bunch of weight slapped onto an undersized turret built using 1970s technology designed for the last, no, wait, for three wars ago. During three months, about one-third of the Iraqi Army's M1 tanks had been damaged or destroyed by ISIL and some were captured by opposing forces. The M1A2C (also known as the M1A2 SEPv3) is the latest modification of the Abrams tank. M1A2s built for Middle Eastern countries were painted in desert tan. [88] The protection of M1A2 SEP is a frontal turret armor estimate of 940–960 mm vs APFSDS and 1,320–1,620 vs HEAT, glacis estimate of 560–590 mm vs APFSDS and 510–1,050 vs HEAT, and lower front hull estimate of 580–650 mm vs APFSDS and 800–970 vs HEAT[95], In 1998, a program was begun to incorporate improved turret side armor into the M1A2. [130] General Dynamics is offering the Tognum America/12V883 diesel engine with new Diehl 570P3 tracks. There are three main operational Abrams versions, the M1, M1A1, and M1A2, with each new iteration seeing improvements in armament, protection, and electronics. The Tank Urban Survival Kit (TUSK) is a series of improvements to the M1 Abrams intended to improve fighting ability in urban environments. In 2017, the new administration made rebuilding the military a priority. [54] The U.S. considered the RPG-29 a high threat to U.S. armor and refused to allow the newly formed Iraqi Army to buy it, fearing that it would fall into the insurgents' hands. The M1A2C, formerly known as the M1A2 SEPv3 is America’s most modern tank. The M1A1 was superior to Iraq's Soviet-era T-55 and T-62 tanks, as well as T-72 versions imported from the Soviet Union and Poland. By December 2014, the Iraqi Army only had about 40 operational Abrams left. M1A2 tanks uniformly incorporate depleted uranium armor, and all M1A1 tanks in active service have been upgraded to this standard as well. [20] Secondly was that the M68A1 could employ the newly developed M900 APFSDS[21] depleted uranium round that had improved penetration performance in comparison to the M774. [115][116] Orbital ATK was awarded a contract to begin the first phase of development for the AMP XM1147 High Explosive Multi-Purpose with Tracer cartridge in October 2015. 105Mm and 120mm guns. [ 99 ] very first M-1A2C Abrams tanks hit! Shipped back to the results of modernization project M1A2C tank `` Abrams '' to... The M1A1HA uses 1st generation armor, and better fire control unit 12 ] the! 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