A PDF stud The student understands social and cultural change in British America. Since they operated on a free market economy, the colonists could become skilled in the trades they excelled in and thought would generate the most income. New York - originally settled in 1624 by the Dutch as the New Netherlands. This is especially true in the colony of New York. Religious dissidents from all regions could settle in the relatively tolerant middle zone. Land was generally acquired more easily than in New England or in the plantation South. Steeples g… In Proprietary colonies, the proprietors had the right to choose the governor. The social-political structure included all three varieties: villages, cities, and small farms. With the ethnic diversity, there was not a dominant religion. In contrast to the South where the cash crop plantation system dominated, and New England whose rocky soil made large-scale agriculture difficult, The middle colonies were fertile. France - France - Daily life and social customs: In comparison with the immediate postwar era, the French now devote far more time to leisure and cultural pursuits, largely as a result of a shorter workweek, more years spent in education, and greater affluence. While New England had small family farms, the southern colonies had large plantations that required slave labor. The Gentry were the richest, most prominent and well educated group of people who owned the major chunk of plantations and farms of the country. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. European ethnic groups as manifold as English, Swedes, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish and French lived in closer proximity than in any location on continental Europe. European ethnic groups as manifold as English, Swedes, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish and French lived in closer proximity than in any location on continental Europe. Most New Englanders went to a Congregationalist meetinghouse for church services. The presence of Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians made the dominance of one faith next to impossible. The area was tolerant of different religions and cultures because of the variety that existed. Thomas Hagen: 2005 The diversity of the United States goes back to its beginning as a collection of northern, middle, and southern colonies. The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware offered fertile farmland and natural harbors. Learn social middle colonies characteristics with free interactive flashcards. Society and culture in colonial America (1565-1776) varied widely among ethnic and social groups, and from colony to colony, but was mostly centered around agriculture as it was the primary venture in most regions. The Middle Colonies became a large exporter of crops like wheat and grain, and Philadelphia and New York became major ports for trading. The colonists that settled throughout the Middle Colonies came from many places and included the English, Swedish, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish, and French. They w… Included in this Colonial America Unit are three PowerPoints that include the New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Are you a teacher? Geographical features, natural resources, economy, and social life is included. Wheat and corn from local farms would feed the American colonies through their colonial infancy and revolutionary adolescence. The middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware were diverse in terms of religion and ethnicity. Christian denominations like Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians could all be found. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Southern culture of the colonial period differed from that of the 19th century and later. The Middle Colonies were the most ethnically and religiously diverse of the British colonies in North America, with settlers coming from all parts of Europe and a high degree of religious tolerance. Middle Colonies Culture. The meetinghouse, which served secular functions as well as religious, was a small wood building located in the center of town. Industries like lumber, shipbuilding, textiles, and iron were also successful throughout the Middle Colonies. Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. In the middle colonies, it wasn’t only dominated by one religion which gave into more liberal attitudes and religious freedom. Throughout the Middle Colonies, there was also a variety of trades available for the colonists. New York and Philadelphia grew at a fantastic rate. What were some problems faced by the New York colony, and how did they solve them?Â. The North American colonies that were settled by the English are often divided into three different groups: the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. These cities gave rise to brilliant thinkers such as Benjamin Franklin, who earned respect on both sides of the Atlantic. The Thirteen Colonies: In the early years of American history, the British colonized the eastern coast of the North American continent. Social activities in the Middle Colonies were often separate for women and men. The Middle Colonies Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. The lower class was made of the poor whites and black Americans who provided labor to the farms and factories of the colonies (Kennedy, Cohen and Piehl 43). The social classes during the Colonial times were determined by wealth, land ownership and job titles. New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. The descendants of the Dutch patroons and the men who received lands from the English royal governors controlled estates in the middle colonies. Copyright ©2008-2020 ushistory.org, owned by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942. The colonists that settled throughout the Middle Colonies … These activities were typically done with other men. Developed around small towns encircled by family farms and had a mixed economy of agriculture and commerce; Middle Colonies supported an export economy based on cereal crops and attracted wide range of European migrants, leading to societies with greater cultural, ethnic, and religious diversity; Southern Atlantic coastal colonies and the British West Indies used long growing season to … Most were farmers of small farms, which flourished due to the fertile soil and a temperate climate. The middle colonies supported a flourishing export economy based on cereal crops and attracted a broad range of European migrants, leading to societies with greater cultural, ethnic, and religious diversity and tolerance. The middle colonies were full of diversity in religion and culture from the very beginning. UNAUTHORIZED REPUBLICATION IS A COPYRIGHT VIOLATIONContent Usage Permissions. The Middle Colonies . Elements of both New England towns and sprawling country estates could be found. The Middle colonies welcomed people from various and diverse lifestyles. The New England colonies were much more interested in starting a new way of life for the generations to come, the Southern colonies based lived for the day and In colonies such as New York and New Jersey which were royal colonies, the governor was chosen by the British government. The Colonies. The Puritans founded the northern colonies… Farmers grew grain and raised livestock. People sat on hard wooden benches for most of the day, which was how long the church services usually lasted. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Describe the geography and climate of the middle colonies. This class was comprised of powerful professions like doctors, ministers, lawyers and merchants and major community positions were filled by people from the Gentry class. Both in their lifestyles and social pursuits (such as horse racing), the southern gentry emulated the English country squire. Their governors met at Albany to agree upon a treaty with the Iroquois. The Middle Colonies were settled by different nationalities so there is greater emphasis on religious toleration and cultural diversity. The culture of the southern colonies was primarily agricultural and included wealthy plantation owners, smaller farmers, indentured servants and slaves who provided labor for the plantations. In these villages, we have friends and families that spend valuable time with each other. Indentured servitude was especially common in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York in the 18th century, though fewer worked in agriculture. THE TEXT ON THIS PAGE IS NOT PUBLIC DOMAIN AND HAS NOT BEEN SHARED VIA A CC LICENCE. Aptly named, they provided a perfect nucleus for English America. Large landholders were not confined just to the southern colonies. Advantaged by their central location, the middle colonies served as important distribution centers in the English mercantile system. The social structure in the colonies was clearly highlighted through social-economic boundaries. Already a member? New England had skilled craftsmen in the industry of shipbuilding. The New England colonies consisted of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. The New England colonies organized society around the Puritan religion and family farming. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! When you are in villages, you have churches, schools, homes, shops, and plantations that contribute to the beauty of the Mid-Atlantic region. 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