Their accounts helped the audit in the office of the wazir. [21] As a result, the value of coins decreased, and, in the words of Satish Chandra, the coins became "as worthless as stones". Juna khan took up the title of muhammad Tughluq. The place of lavishness of Gayasuddin Architecture was now taken by a heavy building style in which crooked balconies, Jharoka Mandapa and Chhtaries (umbrellas) are used on a Hugh scale. Three days after the death of his father either in February or March 1325 A.D., prince Jauna Khan alias Ulugh Khan ascended the throne of Delhi and was called Muhammad Bin Tughluq. He is said to be a man of high moral character and led an austere life like his father. He built schools, hospitals, river canals, reservoirs, rest houses among other things. After the death of his father Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, Muhammad bin Tughlaq ascended the throne of Tughlaq dynasty of Delhi in February, 1325 A.D. Moreover, coins minted in Daulatabad around 1333, showed that Daulatabad was "the second capital". Tughluq established a khanqah at each of the stations where at least one sufi saint was stationed. [14], In 1327, Tughluq ordered to move his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (in present-day Maharashtra) in the Deccan region of India. In his "Medieval India", "He was perfect in the humanities of his day, a keen student of Persian poetry.........a master of style, supremely eloquent in an age of rhetoric, a philosopher trained in Logic and Greek metaphysics, with whom scholars feared to argue, a mathematician and lover of science. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was one of the most remarkable and interesting ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. He was born in Multan. Therefore, he decided to disperse and dissolve the soldiers in 1329. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was one of the most interesting personalities of Medieval Indian history. In his time uncared stones were used in large quantity as a result of which buildings lack beauty of architecture. Khidki Mosque is square in shape and to add to its strength there are four reclining ‘Burz’ in all its four corners, in Begampuri mosque there is artistic use of marble. Shady trees were planted on both sides of the road; he set up halting stations at an interval of two miles. [16], In 1334 there was a rebellion in Mabar. In 1330, after his failed expedition to Deogiri, he issued token currency; that is coins of brass and copper were minted whose value was equal to that of gold and silver coins. It is believed that the general public of Delhi was not in favor of shifting the base to Daulatabad. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s token currency failed because the token currency was made of copper and brass and had equal value as silver and gold coins. Kala Masjid is in Shahjahanabad, famous for its strength, domed roof and four ‘Burz’ on its four corners. His wife was the daughter of the Raja of Dipalpur. He constructed many Cities, Palaces, Madrasas, Mosques, Hospitals, Tombs, Bridges, Canals, and Baths. In it there is an artistic use of marble as well. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. [56] [22], There are conflicting views expressed by historians on his religious tolerance, while the visitors Ibn Batuta, Nunez and Firistha mention that Muhammed Bin Tughlaq showed intolerance to other religions[11] on the contrary, Peter Jackson mentions that Muhammed was the only Sultan who participated in Hindu festivities. He needed additional revenue to increase military resources. In 1325 A.D. Junakhan, the crown prince sworn the title Muhammad-bin-Tughluq. Partly with their help and partly from his own kingdom, Tughluq raised an army of possibly up to 370,000 soldiers in 1329. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was interested in Persian poetry, mathematics, medicine, and astronomy and First sultan who visited the tomb of Muinuddin Chisti at Ajmer. Besides, it is believed that only the powerful and nobility suffered hardships if any. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Chandragupta Ma... Ashoka. [20] Though Sultan dynasties that arose after Tughluq campaigned outside Delhi all ruled northern India stretching into modern-day Pakistan and Afghanistan. In the Kali Masjid there are two storeys. It was in this way that the suburbs which had grown up between them were enclosed. Firoze Shah’s economic reforms improved agricultural production and made the peasants prosperous and happy. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, who ruled from Delhi in the fourteenth century, was a man of many dimensions. Firuz Shah Tughlaq had claimed that before his rule, idol-temples had been permitted to be rebuilt contrary to the Sharia.[23]. MOHAMMAD BIN TUGHLUQ 1. Muhammad bin Tughluq (also Prince Fakhr Malik Jauna Khan, Ulugh Khan; died 20 March 1351) was the Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351. However, according to Barani, the taxation was raised by ten to twenty times more, while Gardner Brown said that the rise in taxation was normal. [15][unreliable source?]. The Tughlaq dynasty experienced many revolts by Muslim nobility, particularly during Muhammad bin Tughlaq but also during other rulers such as Firoz Shah Tughlaq. [3] Ghiyas-ud-din sent the young Muhammad to the Deccan to campaign against king Prataparudra of the Kakatiya dynasty whose capital was at Warangal in 1321 and 1323. He was the eldest son of Ghiyas -ud -Din -Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughluq dynasty. SUBMITTED TO: 2. [10][7] He was ambitious of annexing these kingdoms. Provisions for food and water were also made available at the stations. Muhammad bin Tughlaq had received excellent military training. Muhammad bin Tughluq died in 1351 on his way to Thatta, Sindh while he was campaigning in Sindh against Taghi, a Turkish slave tribe. Mohammad Tughlaq constructed the cities of Firozabad, Fatehabad, Hissar, Jaunpur etc. The son and successor of the Turk Ghiyas-ud-din (reigned 1321-1325), the founder of the Tughluq dynasty that replaced Khilji rule in Delhi, Muhammad bin Tughluq displayed an extraordinary capacity for classical learning and military leadership. Sudden death of his father 's death in 1325 regular postal service was established between Delhi and Daulatabad houses... Planted on both sides of the wazir pages: 1 that it be. Bukka of south India be preserved for eternity by around the same year, Tughluq all! Having founded many hospitals hunting places for Sultan were built ” by Sultan Mubarak Shah Khalji better! 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